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H AVING abandoned the critical and philological study of the text of Shakespeare in favour of a more exclusive attention to the Biography of the Poet, and the history of the early English stage, I was perplexed what course to adopt respecting a large quantity of new materials belonging to the former class, which had accumulated by old-book reading since the completion of my large edition of the Works of the Great Dramatist. It seemed a pity to destroy them without examination, and equally so to allow them to remain altogether useless. If the advice of friends had been solicited, the dilemma of honest John Bunyan would doubtlessly have been encountered,—

Some said, John, print them ; others said, Not so ;
Some said, They might do good ; others said, No.
p.6 /

      Under the impression, however, that a collection of extracts, illustrative of Shakespeare's language and allusions, taken from old English books, is never without some value, I have decided to print a selection from my materials on each play separately. Upon some of the dramas there will be but a small contribution, but it is trusted that there will be hardly a volume in the series, however diminutive, which will not offer information of some little use to a future editor.

No. 11, Tregunter Road,
          South Kensington, London.
                    3 January, 1868.

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*** The paginal references are adapted to the variorum
edition of
1821, ed. Malone.

165. Like plated Mars.
     This is altered in a copy of ed. 1632, sold by one Sarah Jones in 1649, and probably annotated previously to the latter date, to, " like a plated Mars."

165. Reneges.
      Reneages, ed. 1623, the g pronounced hard. In Pasquil's Mad-cappe, 1626, brogues is spelt broages, and rogues, roages.

168. Take in that kingdom.
      In 1610 a tract appeared which was entitled,— p.8 / " Newes out of Cleave-land, being the true relation of the taking in of the towne and castle of Gulicke in Germanie."

      Received with all obedience, grew daily in strength as shee went, and came at length to her brother (who had taken in Hereford, made himselfe strong with the Welsh, and setled those parts) to gather up more of the kingdome, by shewing herselfe and her power in divers places.

Daniell's History of England, 1634.          

169. But stirr'd by Cleopatra.
      The meaning is clear, but having here an ordinary meaning, nevertheless. It is, however, altered in an old annotated copy to buts, i.e., but's, for but is.

176. And fertile.
      According to a copy of ed. 1632, sold by one Sarah Jones in 1649, and probably annotated previously to the latter date, we read here,—" I might foretell for every wish."

178. An inch of fortune.
When forty dayes shall be expir'd, and run,
And that poore Inch of time drawne out and dun,
p.9 /
Then Niniueh (the worlds Imperiall throne)
Shall not be left a stone, vpon a stone.
Quarles' Feast for Worms.

180. Well, what worst ?
      This is altered in a copy of ed. 1632, sold by one Sarah Jones in 1649, and probably annotated previously to the latter date, to, " Well, what's the worst ?"

186. Let women die.
      In an old annotated copy of the seventeenth century, of course of no authority, the particle not is inserted after the word let.

186. Winds and waters, sighs and tears.
      Compare P
S. 104, — " He maketh his angels spirites, and his ministers a flaming fire," Bishops' Bible, 1568. In the Genevan version, fol. ed. 1582, the reading is,—" Which maketh his spirits his messengers, and a flaming fire his ministers."

188. Expedience.
      This word is altered to expedition in a copy of ed. p.10 / 1632, sold by one Sarah Jones in 1649, and probably annotated previously to the latter date. It is merely a modernization.

191. I wish, forbear.
      This is altered in a copy of ed. 1632, sold by one Sarah Jones in 1649, and probably annotated previously to the latter date, to, " I wish you forbear."

192. Though you in swearing.
      In a copy of ed. 1632, sold by one Sarah Jones in 1649, and probably annotated previously to the latter date, the particle in is altered to by.

193. I would, I had thy inches.
      Sard. You dance and sing to a Miracle, Chavo.
      Chav. 'Tis your pleasure to zay zo, but I think I do pretty well for one of my inches ; Adzflesh, we'l make you az merry az a Cricket if you do but stay amongst us a little while, az a body may zay : But I can do more than this mun, I can pitch the Bar, play at Cat and Cudgels, and wrastle with e'er a one in a good way.—Unnatural Mother, 1698.

p.11 /

194. The garboils.
      The Shepheards finding no place for them in these garboyles, to which their quiet hearts (whose highest ambition was in keeping themselues vp in goodnes) had at all no aptnes, retired themselues from among the clamorous multitude.—Sydney's Arcadia.

      In this garboile, one of the citizens, surnamed Blanchfield, was slaine.—Holinshed.

The causes first I purpose to unfould
Of these garboiles, whence springs a long discourse,
And what made madding people shake off peace.
Marlowe's Lucan, 1600.     

Such is the garboyle of this conflict then,
Braue Englishmen, encountring Englishmen.
Drayton's Mortimeriados.

Thou of the Tarquins doost alone suruiue,
The head of all these garboyles, the chiefe actor
Of that blacke sin, which we chastize by armes.
Heywood's Rape of Lucrece.  

      For an occasion of new garboiles was hunted for, nor were they wanting, who reported these beginnings of troubles to Meleander.—Barclay's Argenis.

p.12 /

      And thus the Soule like an Organ of many Pipes, or a Ship of many Parts, makes but one Musicke, and one Sayling, though of different respects. Now let vs in, and be merrie for this composition of the Soules Garboyles.

Pathomachia, or the Battle of Affections, 1630.          

      Fa. I know not what to say to these garboiles ; there's a hot Naples toward, and the Prince is so humerous a thother side, I dare not come neere him, Captaine Mauricio.
Shirley's Young Admirall, 1637.          

      The word garboile is explained hurly-burly in Coote's English Schoolemaster, 1632.

198. As Cleopatra this.
     This is altered in a copy of ed. 1632, sold by one Sarah Jones in 1649, and probably annotated previously to the latter date, to,—" As Cleopatra doth this."

200. Purchas'd.
      Purchase (perquisitio) has in law a meaning more extended than its ordinary signification. It is possession to which a man cometh not by title of de- p.13 / scent. (Litt.,
S. 12.) It is contradistinguished from acquisition by right of blood, and includes every other method of coming to an estate whatever, than that by inheritance, wherein the title is vested in a person by single operation of the law.—Rushton.

204. Lackeying the varying tide.
      Lacking, the reading of ed. 1623, is rather a variation of form than an error. The same orthography occurs in a MS. dated 1615, quoted by Hawkins, in his edition of Ruggle's Ignoramus, 1787, appendix, p. 120.

But, sith that he is gone irrevocable,
Please it you, lady, to us to aread,
What cause could make him so dishonourable
To drive you so, on foot unfit to tread
And lackey by him, gainst all womanhead ?
Spenser's Faerie Queene.

Here vice is mounted, vertue liues despis'd,
The worst esteem'd, the better meanely priz'd.
Corruption rides on foote-cloth, (some auerre)
And vpright dealing shee does lackie her.
Brathwait's Strappado for the Divell, 1615.
p.14 /

I will refuse no danger, nay no death
To beare thee company ; live here or travell
Throughout the world, I'le Lacquey it a foot
With sweet Amandus.
The Phœnix in her Flames, 1639.

Yet all this while, tho thou climb hills of yeares,
Shall not one wrinckle sit upon thy brow,
Nor any sicknesse shake thee ; Youth and Health,
As slaves, shall lackie by thy Chariot wheeles.
The Sun's Darling, p. 15.

Pompey, whose rashness spur'd him on to fight,
Thinking that Fortune, which he elswhere found,
Lacquy'd him here ; but the constant Dame,
Viewing the mighty havock that we made,
Slighted his youth, and fled unto our Camp.
Sertorius, 1679.

204. Which they ear and wound.
      In a copy of ed. 1632, sold by one Sarah Jones in 1649, and probably annotated previously to the latter date, the word ear is altered to tear. The same unnecessary alteration was afterwards suggested by Dr. Grey.

p.15 /

205. And flush youth revolt.
      The word flush is altered in the later folios to flesh, and hence we have the absurd reading, fresh, in an old annotated copy of ed. 1632.

206. Thy cheek so much as lank'd not.
I rack the vaines and Sinewes, lancke the lungs,
Freeze all the passages, plough vp the Mawe.
The Meeting of Gallants at an Ordinarie, 1604.

210. An arm-gaunt steed.
      The old text, arm-gaunt, as thin as a man's arm, may be correct. Chaucer, in the Canterbury Tales, 2147, has the similar expression, arm-gret, as thick as a man's arm. If arm-gaunt be taken in the sense of thin-shouldered, we have in the term a characteristic of a finely-formed swift horse.

A wrethe of gold arm-gret, and huge of wight,
Upon his heed set ful of stones bright.

      The expression is altered to armed-gaunt in a copy of ed. 1632 sold by one Sarah Jones in 1649, and probably annotated previously to the latter date.

p.16 /

214. Beg often our own harms.
      Almightie God, the fountaine of all wisdome, which knowest our necessities before we aske, and our ignorance in asking.—Prayer Book, Communion Service, old ed.

218. It only stands our lives upon.
      But soft and faire, let mee now pause a little, for it stands mee upon to take good heede how I raise the crie against the blasphemer.—Rich's Irish Hubbub, 1619.

222. Their contestation.
      Thus was he drawn up by the Beams of Majesty, to shine in the highest Glory, grapling often with the Prince himself in his own Sphear, in divers Contestations.
Wilson's History of Great Britain, 1653.          

225. Which fronted my own peace.
      So also in Marlow's Edward 2nd, 1598.—" As he will front the mightiest of us all." There is no occasion for the mark of contraction. So says some noter about the year 1790.

p.17 /

236. But for vacancy.
Sir, tho' I could be pleas'd to make my ills
Only mine own, for grieving other men, &c.
Beaumont and Fletcher.

237. When she is riggish.
      Neither did I at first suspect any thing more, then that it was the dinne of the wenches playing ouer-riggishly together. But the mischiefe straight drawing neerer, I perceiued they were mens voyces, and with which my eares were not acquainted.
John Barclay, his Argenis, p. 223.          

Wantonis is a drab !
For the nonce she is an old rig ;
But as for me, my fingers are as good as a live twig.
Mariage of Witt and Wisdome, 1579.

      Let none condemn them for rigs, because thus hoiting with boys, seeing the simplicity of their age was a Patent to priviledge any innocent pastime, and few moe years will make them blush themselves into better manners.

Fuller's Pisgah-Sight of Palestine, 1650.          

p.18 /

      To rig, to ride upon another's back, to be rude and rampish ; a rigsby, a rude girl, a ramp, Bor.

Kennett's Glossary, MS., Lansd., 1033.          

245. When you wager'd on your angling.
      There would they sit downe, and pretie wagers be made betweene Pamela and Philoclea, which could soonest beguile silly fishes ; while Zelmane protested, that the fit pray for them was harts of Princes. She also had an angle in her hand ; but the taker was so taken, that she had forgotten taking.
Sir P. Sydney's Arcadia.          

245. Ram thou thy fruitful tidings in mine ears.
And for his poesie, 'tis so ramm'd with life,
That it shall gather strength of life with being,
And live hereafter more admir'd then now.
The Workes of Ben Jonson, 1616, p. 332.

249. Thou shalt be wipp'd with wire.
You trouble me —— and with a whip of steel,
Print wounding lashes in their iron ribs.
Ben Jonson.
p.19 /

257. Timelier than my purpose.
     He having layne two nights at her house, and perceiving her to bee free from lustfull desires, the third night he fained himselfe to be something ill, and so went to bed, timelier then he was wont.
Westward for Smelts, 1620.          

270. With pink eyne.
The mighty pinck-an-ey'd, brand-bearing god,
To whom I am so long true servitour,
When he espy'd my weeping floods of tears
For your depart, he bad me follow him :
I follow'd him ; he with his firebrand
Parted the seas, and we came over dryshod.
Soliman and Perseda.

Ocella, lucinius, that hath litle eyes ; pinkeyed.
The Nomenclator or Remembrancer of
Adrianus Junius
, 1585.          

271. In thy vats our cares be drown'd.
      In thy Fattes, ed. 1623. "Lagar, a great fat or tub to tread grapes in," Percivale's Dictionarie, 1599.

p.20 /

279. He has a cloud in's face.
   Ant. Sister, now hees come, he did promise me
But a short absence, he of all the world
I would call brother, Castabella more
Then for his sisters love, oh hees a man
Made up of merit, my Berinthia
Throw off all cloudes, Sebastianoes come.
The Maides Revenge, 1639.

285. Of semblable import.
      Like unto his brother Gallus (as they hoped) to be put to death ; had he not with semblable purpose and resolution after the death also of Constantius, become renowmed [lit.] for his admirable exploits.
Ammianus Marcellinus, ed. Holland, 1609.          

296. To a trull.
      Guteli or Trulli are spirits (they saie) in the likenes of women, shewing great kindnesse to all men : thereof it is that we call light women trulls.
Scott's Discoverie of Witchcraft.          

p.21 /

297. Thou hast forspoke my being.
                  ——   yet thinke not I
Fore-speake the sale of thy sound poesie.
The Ghost of Richard the Third, 1614.

      Abdico, to deny or forsake, to forspeke, to cast of [lit.] or renounce.—Eliotes Dictionarie, 1559.

How holy Hymens sacred bands are broken,
His torch extinguish'd, and his rites fore-spoken.
Scots Philomythie, 1616.

300. Your mariners are muliters.
Besides a number almost numberless
Of drudges, negroes, slaves, and muliters.
Peele's Battle of Alcazar.

Besides a number almost numberlesse
Of drudges, negroes, slaves, and muliters.
The Battell of Alcazar, fought in
, 1594.          

304. The greater cantle of the world.
      Chanteau : m.   A corner-peece, or peece broken off from the corner, or edge of a thing, (and hence) p.22 / also, a gobbet, lumpe, crust, or cantell of bread, &c. ; also, a quarter, or the quarter-peece, of a garment.

And understand that al i-hol
    Mot be thy schryfte, brother ;
Nat tharof a kantel to a prest,
    And a kantel to another.
Poems of William de Shoreham.

304. Mine eyes are blasted.

For the eyes that are blasted.
      Take Tutty and Calamint, and wash them with white Wine nine times, then grinde them vpon a stone with some of white Wine, and with Goose greace, and Capons greace, put hereof in the eyes early and late : this hath been proued.
The Pathway to Health, f. 14.          

309. I am so lated in the world.
Cupid abroade was lated in the night,
His winges were wet with ranging in the raine.
Greene's Orpharion, 1599.
p.23 /

309. Let that be left.
      " Let him be left who leaves himself," is the reading in a copy of ed. 1632, sold by one Sarah Jones, in 1649, and probably annotated previously to the latter date.

311. Lieutenantry.
      Altered to lieutenancy in a copy of ed. 1632, sold by one Sarah Jones, in 1649, and probably annotated previously to the latter date.

      Women are perilous things to deal upon.

Beaumont and Fletcher's Humorous Lieutenant.          

319. The itch of his affection.
      Steph. Well may he speed, sir. Lambskin and Speedwell ; Ha ! Is't so ?   I think I shall give you a medicine to purge this itch of love, sir.
      Lamb. No itch neither, sir ; we have no scabs here, But yourself and your cousin.
A New Wonder, A Woman never Vext.          

319. Have nick'd his captainship.
    Blund. Yes, I am sure ! at it Man !
    Heild. Come then ! here's at it, 7.
p.24 /
    Sir Nich. 12 ! 'tis out ! quit.
    Heild. I Nickt you ! ask Blunderbus.
    Sir Nich. Nay, then I'll never play more ; 12 Nick 7. Do what you will with me, I'll not throw a Die more. What a Pox ! Do you think I am a Fool ?—The Woman Captain, by Shadwell, 1680.

327. Like boys unto a muss.
    Al. Thou art my noble Girle, amany Dons
Will not believe but that thou art a Boy
In Womens Cloaths, and to try that conclusion
To see if thou beest Alcumy, or no,
They'l throw down Gold in Musses, but Pretiosa,
Let these proud Sakers and Jer-falcons flie,
Do not thou move a wing, be to thy selfe,
And not a changeling.
The Spanish Gipsie, 1653.

      Fáre alla gráppa più, to play at musse, to shuffle and scramble for. Fáre a rigátta to striue or play at musse, as children doe.
Florio's New World of Words, 1611.          

      The boyish scrambling for nuts, &c., cast on the ground ; a musse.

Cotgrave's Dictionarie, ed. 1611.          

p.25 /

      At stook and rook, sheare, and threave.—At the birch.—At the musse.—At the dillie dilli darling.

The First Book of Rabelais, 1653.          

    Fol. Was't not well managed, you necessary mischiefs ? did the plot want either life or art ?
    Maw. 'Twas so well, captain, I would you could make such another muss at all adventures.
    Fol. Dost call't a muss ? I am sure my grandsire ne'er got his money worse in his life than I got it from him.

A Mad World, my Masters, ed. Dyce, p. 379.          

Bawble and cap no sooner are thrown down,
But there's a muss of more then half the town.
The Widow Ranter, or Bacon in Virginia,
1690, Prol.          

327. Take hence this Jack.
Tale-bearing fleerers and false accusing Jackes,
There beare best shewes upon their golden backes.
Niccols' Beggars Ape, n.d.    

      If any poore lacke-a-Lent doe happen into the hands of a foole, tis but a Foole and a Jacke, or two fooles well met, but here is the ods, a wise man will make much of a Jacke for his plaine dealing, p.26 / when a foole will quarrell with him, and falling together by the eares, teare one anothers cloathes, and then Jacks paper-ierkin goes to wracke.
Taylor's Workes, 1630.           

330. The Wise gods.
      Cotgrave, who quotes part of this speech in his English Treasury of Wit and Language, 1655, corruptly reads, " The wise God feeles our eyes in our own filth, droop our clear judgements."

332. Our terrene moon.
Thou'st brought Elizium with her, pure delight
Unmix'd with terrene vapour, exquisite !
Hymen's Præludia, 1658.

    Achi. Farwell the noblest spirit that ere breath'd
In any terrene mansion : Take vp his body
And beare it to my Tent : Ile straight to horse.
Heywood's Iron Age.

The Sences are this Kingdomes Court of Guarde,
To keepe their Queene secure from terrene treason :
Great is the trust and safetie of this Ward,
Whilst they giue true Intelligence to Reason.
Taylor's Workes, 1630.
p.27 /

    Arba. You, you, and shee, and every one of you ;
The punishment for murder fall on all your heads,
And blast your terrene hopes :
Cruell, cruell, butchery.
The Knave in Graine, 1640.   

Sometimes my trash-disdaining thoughts out-pass
    The common period of terrene conceit ;
O then methinks I scorn the thing I was,
    Whilst I stand ravish'd at my new estate.
Quarles' Emblems.    

333. Our sever'd navy too.
     Altered to, " and our sever'd navy too," in a copy of ed. 1632, sold by one Sarah Jones in 1649, and probably annotated previously to the latter date. This is a good example of the unauthorized way in which the copies of the second folio were annotated. The first edition has our, but the word being misprinted and in ed. 1632, the annotator makes sense in the manner above mentioned.

333. And fleet.
      The same annotated copy of ed. 1632 here reads, " and is a fleet."

p.28 /

335. Gaudy.
    W. P. To preuent that,
Your foode shall be Black-beries, and vpon gawdy dayes
A Pickled Spider, cut out like an Anchouas :
I am not to learne a Monckyes ordinary.
Come sir, will you friske ?
Middleton's Game at Chesse.    

   Per. A foolish Utensill of State,
Which like old Plate upon a Gaudy day,
'Sbrought forth to make a show, and that is all ;
For of no use y'are, y'had best deny this.
The Goblins, a Comedy, by Sir John
, 1646.           

      The early Lark climbs higher than his voice ; and whispers into Phœbus ear, a glad welcome ; who smiles, and seems to prophecy a gawdy day.

The Tragedy of Albovine, 1673.           

      Merry. That was a gawdy day indeed, but I fear you'l give so long, till you have nothing left.

Bellamira, or the Mistress, 1687.           

p.29 /

336. When valour preys on reason.
      This passage is thus given in Cotgrave's English Treasury, 1655,—
When valour preys on reason, it does eat
The sword it shovld fight with.

345. Till we do please to doff't.
But now behold a Nobleman indeed,
Such as w'admire in story when we read ;
Who does not proudly look that you shud doff
Your hat, and make a reverence twelvescore of.
Flecknoe's Epigrams, 8vo., 1670.

345. More tight at this.
A good staunch wench, that's tight.
Monsieur Thomas.

346. Mechanic compliment.
      I am weary of this Mechanick course, Thomas ; and of this courser habit, as I have told you divers and sundry times, Thomas ; and indeed of you, Thomas, that confine me to't, but the bound must obey.—Brome's Mad Couple well Matched, 1653.

p.30 /

350. Entertainment.
      That is, place in service. I entertain, i. e., receive into my service—Lear.

351. A swifter mean.
      The word mean is altered to dream in a copy of ed. 1632, sold by one Sarah Jones in 1649, and probably annotated previously to the latter date.

352. But now 'tis made an H.
      A little man drinking Prince Henrie's health between two tall fellowes, said, He made up the H.
Ben Jonson's Conversations with William          

353. We'll beat 'em into bench-holes.
      Suche braggers wyll bee readyer to creape in at a benche hoole then to shewe theyr heades, or bide one stroke in a fielde.—Preceptes of Cato, 1560.

      That I were a cat now, or anything could run into a bench-hole.

Women Pleased, p. 72, ed. Dyce.           

      If the doores were shut, hys wyfe woulde beate p.31 / him vnder the bed, or into the bench hole, and then he woulde looke out at the cat hole.

Merie Tales of Skelton.          

How many volumes lie neglected, thrust,
In every bench-hole, every heap of dust.
Certain Elegies by Excellent Wits, 1620.

357. Being dried with grief.
My Parents they weare wealthy, and my selfe in wanton youth,
Was fayre enough, but proude enough, so Foole-enough in truth.
I might haue had good Husbands, which my desteny withstood :
Of three now dead (ah, griefe is drye, Gossyp, this Ale is good)
In faith not one of them was so.
Warner's Albions England, b. 9, c. 47.

357. Forgive me in thine own particular.
      I beseech you Sir, said he, let us speedily withdraw from this Gulfe, whereinto we have imprudently cast ourselves, otherwise we shall be both swallowed up ; for my owne particular, I had rather p.32 / have to doe in Hell, than at the Hall, rather endure any torture than the perplexities of Law, and I believe the greatest torment has been invented for the damned, is to sow dissention among them, and make them receive injuries, for which they shall never obtaine reparation, notwithstanding all the paines and diligence can be used.
The Comical History of Francion, 1655.          

363. Whose eye beck'd forth my wars.
      I beheld her but with an eye, shee fixed both hers vpon me, if I touched her, she drew the closer to mee, if I beckt to her with one eye, she answered me againe with her eyes and head, and with the most alluring gestures that euer I saw.
The Passenger of Benvenuto, 1612.           

     " I becke, je pointe ou fais signe. He becked at me, but I wyste nat what he ment," Palsgrave, 1530. " Becking with the head, nutatio," Huloet's Dictionarie, 1572.

364. At fast and loose.
Where by experience now I finde it common,
That fast and loose is vsuall with women.
Brathwait's Strappado for the Divell, 1615.
p.33 /

Whose rigid hearts disdain to shrink at fears,
Or play at fast and loose, with smiles and tears.
Quarles' Emblems.

369. And mock our eyes with air.
Such Art th' inchacer shewd, to mocke the eye,
That some would thinke their Reeds did Musicke yeild.
Heywood's Troia Britanica, 1609.

369. The rack dislimns.
Still was the aire, the racke nor came nor went,
But ore the lands with lukewarme breathing flies
The southren winde, from sunburnt Africke sent,
      Which thicke and warme his interrupted blasts
      Vpon their bosomes, throates and faces casts
Godfrey of Bulloigne, 1600.    

      In the romance of Gawayne and the Grene Knight, the word occurs without a particle,—" In rede rudede upon rak rises the sunne."

    Boatsw. Aboard, aboard, the Wind stands fair,
One sent too from the Admiral to command it.
    Cable. How ! the Wind turn'd Westward ?
    Topsail.' Tis ! the Rack runs that way.
p.34 /
    Seawit. Constantly.   No stay then
Your Lenvoy Ladies.
News from Plimouth, 1673.

369. My good knave, Eros.
We ne have to hete, ne we ne have
Herinne neyther knith ne knave.
Havelok, 458.

370. Unto an enemy's triumph.
      A MS. note by some one, written about the year 1810 says,—" Mr. Malone's appears to me the more probable interpretation. The words ' triumph ' and ' glory ' are synonymous terms, as appears from the Tale of ' Three Amorous Dames' in Painter's Palace of Pleasure, — ' Now this amorous Lais was in triumph in the time of the renowned King Pyrrhus, &c.' Vol. ii. p. 146."
      A Poetaster for playing at Cards and deuising the Game called Triumph or Trump, is brought before Apollo, who after he had deeply entred into the mysticall meaning of the said Game, not only dismisseth him, but granteth him an yearely pension to instruct his Courtiers in that new Art.
The New-Found Politicke, 1626.           

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      Then Apollo askt the prisoner what game at cards was most familiar unto him, and because he answered that it was trumpe or triumph, his majestie willed him to play it.—Ibid.

371. A tearing groan.
Then like to withering autumn let me part
From thee, the summers glory, till my heart,
Decay'd with tearing sighs, receive a new
Spring from the comfort of thy ravishing view.
Cotgrave's Wits Interpreter, 1671, p. 155.

372. All length is torture.
      Steevens proposes to alter length to life. The word in the text may, however, stand for length of life.

376. Thy precedent services.
      The Physitian can not put in practise his facultie, without a precedent knowledge of the body.
Blount's Ars Aulica, 1607.           

376. Wherein the worship of the whole world lies.
      Except fyve shillyngs and vnder or the value p.36 / therof whiche shall or may be bestowed by the Comaundement of Mr. Maiore onely, for the tyme beynge, ffor the worshipp of the said towne of Leicester, when and as ofte as occasion shall move hym.—Corporation of Leicester MSS.

387. And doe the meanest chares.
     A Char ; a particular business or task, from the Word Charge. That Char is chard, &c. That business is dispatch'd. I have a little Char for you, &c.—Ray's Collection of English Words, 1691.

That hee's turn'd woman : woman Lychas, spinnes,
Cards, and doth chare-worke,
Augment my taske, unto a treble chare.
                                          Hence with this distaffe,
And base effeminate chares.
Heywood's Brazen Age, 1613.

387. Patience is sottish.
      Balourde : com. Sottish, blockish, foolish.

388. Being so frustrate.
      Such a sympathie there was betwixt this Philosophers doctrine, and the Disciples attention ; p.37 / whereas twenty others might perhappes haue beene frustrate in the same conuersion, though their Precepts had beene equall.—Stephens' Essayes, 1615.

393. Waged.
      Way, ed. 1632, for weigh. So, in North's Plutarch, ed. 1579,—" the mariners were in dout to way their anckers." Compare, Palsgrave, 1530,—" I way a thyng, I trye howe moche a thyng wayes by weyghtes."

If you will needs wage eminence and state,
Chuse out a weaker opposite, not one
That in his arm bears all the strength of home.
Webster's Appius and Virginia, 1654.

393. We do launch.
                                       While he,
Directed by his fury, bloodily
Launch'd up her breast.
Fletcher's Faithful Shepherdess.

Launce or launche open a soare, scarifico.
Huloet's Dictionarie, 1572.
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403. Pyramides.
To cover this base murther, make it rich
With Brasse, with purest Gold, and shining Iasper ;
Like the Piramides, lay on Epitaphes,
Such as make great men gods ; my little marble
(That onely cloaths my ashes, not my faults)
Shall farre outshine it.
Philaster, 1634.

404. The little O, the earth.
      This is altered to, " the little world o' th' earth," in a copy of ed. 1632, sold by one Sarah Jones in 1649, and probably annotated previously to the latter date.

407. To vie strange forms with fancy.
St. George observ'd her teares, and from his eyes
Her teares by his finde their renew'd supplies ;
Both vie as for a wager, which to winne,
The more she wept, the more she forced him.
Brathwait's Strappado for the Divell, 1615.

412. As we greet modern friends withal.
      " He tooke accounte of the moderne constables for such monej as hath bin bie them gathered untill this daie," MS. dated in May, 1612.

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415. Mechanic slaves.
Fy, Satyre, fie ! shall each mechanick slave,
Each dunghill pesant, free perusall have
Of thy well-labor'd lines ?—each sattin sute,
Each quaint fashion-monger, whose sole repute
Rests in his trim gay clothes, lie slavering,
Tainting thy lines with his lewd censuring ?
Marston's Scourge of Villanie, 1599.

418. The pretty worm of Nilus.
How he hadde mony batailles
With wormes, and other merveilles.
Romance of Kyng Alisaunder.

420. Yare, yare, good Iras.
      Ray has, " Yare, nimble, sprightly, smart," as in use in Suffolk, in his Collection of English Words not generally Used, ed. 1691, p. 121.

Syr Isenbras made hym yare,
Agaynst the Sarasyns for to fare.
Syr Isenbras.

With masters good and marriners yare,
As ever tooke charge, I dare compare.
Greepe's Exploytes of Syr Frauncis Drake,
4to. 1587.          
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Neuer was Fencer found so quicke and yare
To auoid a blow : no Pilot so precise
To scape the rockes, and couet some sure port,
As ought a Trauailer in all his wayes.
The Passenger of Benvenuto, 1612.

But yet for all their hurly burly hast,
E're they got vp, downe tumbles Saile and Mast.
Veere the maine sheat there, then the Master cride,
Let rise the fore tack, on the Larboord side :
Take in the fore-sayle, yare, good fellowes, yare,
Aluffe at helme there, ware no more, beware.
Taylor's Workes, fol. Lond. 1630.

421. I am fire and air.
      Aur. But since I have tasted the sweetnesse of my freedom, thou dost not know what quicknesse and agility is infus'd into me ; I feel not that weight was wont to clog me, where e're I went ; I am all fire and spirit, as if I had been stript of my mortality : I hear not my thoughts whisper to me as they were wont ; such a man is your rivall, there's an affront, call him to an account, redeem your Mistris favour, present her with such a gift, wait her at such a place ; none of these vanities.—The Antiquary, 1641.

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422. This knot intrinsicate.
      The term occurs as a verb in Blount's Ars Aulica, or the Courtier's Arte, 1607, p. 206,—" Seeing also that a man may easily bee enticed by the occasion that fortune giues, so neerely to intrinsecate himselfe with persons so farre aboue the reach of his condition, to strengthen and vnite the hopes which happely by such like meanes they may conceaue."

      " There is not one of them, that by a more plaine and easie way doth lead to our desired end than this, because it doth intrinsecate and make familiar, yet so far foorth as a modest seruant may bee with a reuerenced master."—Ibid.


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