mote pleaantly compil'd:
In time obcured was and o,
iince that hath béen exilde.
Exilde, becaue perchaunce at firt,
Shifts, uch as thoe in uch a time,
Abue? yea ure and that with pight
Fel ure & vaine, if iudgement right
Grace? nay ure vngratiounes,
which may be tolde in thee our daies |
to make vs laugh alo.
Alo to laugh? nay rather wéep,
Abued? yea, and quite downe cat,
The Cat ful pleaantly wil hew,
Lothe? yea, for ouer paing gréef,
Finde? yea, who can now bote but that
[ p.3 ] (image of pages 2-3)
he would rather doo him elf, to haue as hee deerueth the glory of bothe: therfore I beech you to learne his minde heerin. And if he agre it pas in uch ort : yet that he perue it before the printing, and amend it if in any point I haue mitaken him. I pray you likewie to ak M Ferrers his iudgement heerin, and shew him that the cure of the great plague of M Streamers tranlati out of the Arabique, which he ent me from Margets, shalbe imprinted as oon as I may conuenitly. And if I hal perceiue by your triall that M. Streamer allow my endeuours in this kinde: I wil heer after (as Plato did by ocrates) p out uch things of the ret of our Chritmas cmunicatis as halbe to his great glory, and no lee pleaure to all th that deire uch kindes of knowledge . in the mean vvhile i beeech you to accept my good wil and learn to beware|
form that i eek : but alo pleae
the almightie who alwayes
Yours to his power. G. B.
[ p.5 ]
thing by them poken or reaonably doon (which kinde Eope lawdably ved) yet it was vncomely (aid I) and without example of any authour to bring them in liuely paronages to peake, doo, reaon, and allege authorites out of authours. M. Stremer my Lordes Diuine, beeing more diuine in this point th I was ware of, held the contrary parte, afferming that beats and foules haue reaon, and that amuch as men, yia and in ome points more. M. Ferrers him elf and his Atronomer, waked with our talke and harkned to vs, but would take parte on neither ide. And wh M. Stremer had for proofe of his aertion declared many things of Elephants that walked vppon cords, Hedghogs that knew alwaies what wether would come.|
Foxes and Dogges that after they had been all night a brode killing Geee and Sheep, would come home in the morning and put their necks into their collers. Parats that bewailed their keepers death. Swalowes that with Sellendine open their yung ones eyes, & an hdred things more which I denyed to come of reaon, and to be but naturall kindely actions, alledging for my proof authoritie of mote graue and learned Philoophers. Wel quoth maiter Stremer I knowe what I knowe, and I peak not onely what by hearay of ome Philoophers I knowe: but what I my elf haue prooued. Why? quoth I then, haue you proofe of beats & foweles reaon? Yea quoth he I haue herd them and vndertand them bothe peak and reaon awel as I hear and vnder
tand you. At this M. Ferrers laughed, but I remembring what I had red in Albertus woorks, thought their might be what more then I did knowe, wherfore I aked him what beats or fowles he had heard, and where and when? At this hee paued awhile, and at lat aid. If that I thought you could be content to hear me, and weout any interrupti til I haue doon to mark what I ay: I would tel you uch a tory of one peece of myne owne experimting, as hould bothe make you wunder and put you out of dout concerning this matter, but this I promie you a fore if I doo tel it, that aoon as any man curiouly interupteth mee: I wil leaue of & not peak one woord more. When we had pro-|
him elf o in his bed as we
might bet heare him,
aid as followeth.
[ p.8 ] (image of pages 8-9)
Why All =
was o na=
wil oonet at that Aluredus builded this, but they are deceiued. For he and his wife Algay builded Algate, which therof taketh the name, as Criplegate dooth of a Criple, who begged o much in his life (as put to the Siluer wether cock which he tole from Powles téeple) after his death builded it.
But wherof oeuer this gate Aldergate took the name (which lgeth chéefly to hitoryers to knowe) at my fréendes houe which (as I aid) tandeth o néer that it is ouer it, I lay oft times and that for undry caues. Sometime for lack of other lodging, and omtime as while my Gréeke Alphabets were in printing, to ée that it might bée truly corrected. And ure it is a hame for all yung men that they be no more tudious in the tunges, but the world is now come to that pae, that if hée can prate a little Latin, & handle a Racket and a pair of ixquare bowles: he hall ooner obtain any liuing then the bet learned in a whole Citie, which is the caue that learning is o dipied, and bagagicall things o much aduanced.
While I lay at the foraid houe for the caues aforeaid : I was lodged in a
geth abho =
liue by the
|Chamber hard by the Printing houe, which had a faire bay window opening in the Garden, the earth wherof is almot as high as S. Annes Church top which tdeth therby. At the other end of the Printing houe as you enter in, is a ide doore and iij. or iiij. teps which go vp to the Leads of the Gate, wheras time quarters of men (which is a lothely & abhominable ight) doo tand vp vpon Poles. I call it abhominable becaue it is not only againt nature : but againt Scripture. For God commanded by Moyes, that after the Sun went down: all uch as were hanged or otherwie put to death hould be buried, let if the Sun aw them the next day : his wrath hould come vpon them and plague them, as he hath doon this and many other Realmes for the like trangrei. And I meruel where men haue learned it, or for what caue they doo it, except it be to féed & pleae the Deuils. For ure I beléeue ye ome pirits Mianthropi or Molochitus. who liued by ye auour of ms blood did after their acrifices failed, in whiche men were laine and offered vnto th put into butcherly heathen tirts hedζ|
to mangle and boile chriten trangreors, & to et vp their quarters for th to féed vpon. And therfore I would coail all m to bury or burn all executed bodies and refrain fr makg uch abhominable acrifice, as I haue oft éen with Rauens or rather deuils féeding vpon them in this foraid Leads. In the which euery night many Cats aembled, and there made uch a noye that I could not léep for them.
Wherfore on a time I was itting by the fire with certain of the houe : I told them what a noie & what a wawling the Cats had made there ye night before from ten a clock til one, o that neither I could léep nor tudy for th. And by menes of this introduction : we fel in cmunication of Cats. And ome affirming as I doo now, (but I was againt it then) that they had vndertding, for confirmation wherof one of the eruants tolde this tory.
Ther was in my countrie (quoth he) a man (the fellow was borne in Stafford shire) that had a yung Cat which he had brought vp of a kitling & would nightly dally and play with it. And on a time as he rode through Kk wood,
A wie man
may in ome
unge his o=
A cat pake
to a man in
ful wit of a
about certain buines, a Cat (as hée thought) leaped out of a buh before him and called him twie or thrie by his name, but becaue he made ne anwere, nor pake (for hée was o afraid that hée could not) he pake to him plainly twie or thrie thee woords folowing. Commend mée vnto Titton Tatton, and to Pus thy Catton, and tel her that Grimmalkin is dead. This doon hée went her way, and the man went forward about his buines. And after that he was returned home, in an euening itting by the fire with his wife and his houholde: he tolde of his aduenture in the wood, and when he had tolde them all the Cats meage: his Cat which had harkned vnto the tale, looked vpon him adly and at the lat aid. And is Grimmalkin dead then farewel Dame, & therwith went her way and was neuer éen after.
When this tale was doon: another of the company which had béen in Yreland aked this fellowe wh this thing which hée had tolde happned, hée anwered that hée could not tel wel, how be it as hée ciectured not pat xl.yéeres for his mother knew bothe the man
and the woman which ought the Cat that the meage was ent vnto.
Sure quoth the other, then it may wel be, for about the ame time as I heard a like thing hapned in Yreland where if I coniecture not amie, Grimalkin of whom you pake, was lain. Yea ir quoth I, I pray you how o ? I wil tel you Maiter Streamer (quoth hée) that which was toulde mée in Yreland and which I haue til now, o litle credited that I was a hamed to reporte it, but hearing that I heare now, and calling to minde mine owne experience when it was: I doo o litle midout it, that I think I neuer tolde, nor you euer heard a more likely tale.
While I was in Yreland in the time that Mackmorro & all the ret of the wilde Lords were the kings enemies what time alo mortall warre was betwéen the Filzharies & the Prior and Couent of the Abbay of Tintern, who counted them the Kings fréends & ubiects, whoe neighbour was Cayr Macart a wilde Irih man, then the kings enemy, and one which dayly made inrodes into the countie of Vvashford, and burned uch Townes and caried
lain in Ire=
is an infali=
Ciuil warre betwe the
on of the I
|away all uch Cattell as hée might ce by, by means wherof, all the Cuntrie from Climine to Roe became a wat wildernes and is carce recouered vntil this day. In this time I ay, as I was on a night at Cohery we one of Filzberies churles: we fel in talke as we haue doon now of trage aduentures and of Cats, and there among other things the Churle (for o they call all Farmers & huband men) told me as you hall heare. There was, not euen yeres pat, a Kern of John Butlers dwelling in the Faock of Bantry called Patrik Apore, who minding to make apray in the night vpon Cayer Makart his maiters enemy: got him with his boy, (for o they call their hore kéepers be they neuer o olde knaues) into his Cuntrie, & in the night time entred into a town of two howes and brake in and lue the people, and then took uch cattel as they fod which was a Cow and a héep and departed therwith homeward, but douting they hould be purued : (the Curre dogs made uch a hril barking) he got b in to a church, thinking to lurk ther til midnight was pat, for there he was|
|uer that no man would repect or éek him, for the wild Irih men had Churches in uch reuerence, til our men taught them the contrary, that they neither would nor durt either rob ought thence, or hurt any m that took the church yard for ctuary, no though he had killed his father , and while this Kern was in the Church: he thought it bet to dine for he had eaten litle that day, wherfore he made his boy go gather ticks and trake fire with his feres, and made a fire in the Churche and killed the Shéep, and after the Irih fahion layd it there vpon and roted it, but when it was ready and that he thought to eat it there came in a cat and et her by him, and aid in Irih , Shane foel, which is giue mée ome meat, he amaed at this, gaue her the quarter that was in his hand, whiche immediatly he did eat vp, and aked more til he had cumed all the héep, and like a cormort not atified therwith aked til for more, wherfore they uppoed it were the Deuil, and therefore thinking it widome to pleae him killed the Cow which they had tolen, and when they had flaid it : gaue the||
then we in
was to dine
get that co
A Cat did
eat a heep.
|Cat a quarter which he immediatlye deuoured, th they gaue her two other quarters, and in the mean while after the cuntrie fahion they did cut a péece of the hide and pricked it vpon fower takes which they et about the fire, and therin they et a péece of the Cow for them elues, and with the ret of the hide, they made eche of them laps to were about their féet like broges, bothe to kéep theire féet from hurt all the next day : and alo to erue for meat the next night if they could get none other, by broyling th vpon coles By this time the Cat had eaten thrée quarters and called for more, wherfor they gaue her that which was a éething, and douting let when he had eaten that, he would eat th to becaue they had no more for her: they got th out of the Church and the Kern tooke his hore and a way he rode as fat as he could hie. When he was a mile or two from the Church : the moone began to hine, and his boy epied the cat vpon his maiters hore behinde him, tolde him, whervpon the kern took his Dart and turning his face toward her flang it, and troke her thorough with|
|it but immediatly there came to her uch a ight of Cats, that after long fight with them : his boy was killed and eaten vp, and he him elf, as good and as wift as his hore was had much to doo to cape. When he was come home and had put of his harnes (which was a Corlet of maile made like a Shirt, and his Seul couered ouer with gilt lether and creted with Otterain ) all weary and hungry et him down by his wife and tolde her his aduenture, which when a Kitling which his wife kept carce half a yéere had heard: vp he tarted and aid, hat thou killed Grimmalkin? & therwith he plunged in his face, and with her téeth took him by the throte, & ere ye hée could be tak away : he had trangled him. This the Churle tolde mée, now about xxxiiij. winters pat, and it was doon, as he and diuers other credible men infourmed mée not eauen yéeres before, wherupon I gather that this Grimmalkin was it which the Cat in Kank vvood ent newes of unto ye cat which we heard of euen now. Tuh quoth an other that ate by, your coniecture is to vnreonable, for to admit||
kill and eat
eth what is
|that Cats haue reaon, & that they doo in theire owne language vndertand one another, yet how houlde a Cat in Cank wood knowe what is doone in Ierland? How quoth hée, euen as wée knowe what is doon in the realmes of Fraunce, Flaunders & Spain, yea and almot in all the world beide, There be few hips but haue Cats belonging vnto them, which bring newes vnto their fellowes out of all quarters. Yea quoth the other, but why hould all cats looue to heare of Grimmalkin? or how hould Grimmalkin eat o much meat as you peak of? or why hould all cats o labour to reuenge her death? Nay that paeth my cunning (quoth hée) to hew in all : how be it in parte coniectures may be made, as thus. It may be that Grrmmalkin and her line is as much etéemed and hath the ame dignitie among Cats: as either the humble or maiter Be hath among ye whole hiue, at whoe commaundement all Bées are obedient, whoe uccour and afegarde they éek, whoe wrgs they all reuenge, or as the Pope hath had ere this ouer all Chritendome, in whoe caue all his clergie would not|
|onely crat and bite: but kil and burn to pouder (though they know not why) whome o euer they thought, to think but once againt him. Which Pope all things conidered, deuoureth more at euery mele then Grimmalkin did at her lat upper. Nay aid I then, although the Pope by exactions and other baggaical trpery haue poyled all people of mighty poyles, yet as touching his owne perone: he eateth and weareth as little as any other man, though paraduenture more umptuous and cotly, and greater abundance prouided. And I heard a very proper aying, in this behalf of King Henry the euenth. When a eruant of his tolde him what a bundance of meat he had éen at an Abbots Table: he reported him to be a great Glutt. He aked if the Abbot eat vp all, and when he anwered no, but his Geats did eat the mot parte (ah quoth the King) thou callet him glutton for his liberality to féed thée and uch other vnthankful churles. Like to this felow are all Ruffians, for let honet worhipful men of the Citie, make them good chéer or lend them money as they commonly||
A little uf=
tes a man
of king Hen
ry the Se=
are to be
|doo: what haue they for their laboure? either foule reprochful names as dunghil churles, Cuckolde knaues, or ele piteful and launderous reports, as to be vurers, and deceiuers of the common wele. And although that ome of them be uch indéed, yet I abhor to hear other of whome they deerue wel o lewdly to reporte them . But now to returne to your communication, I meruel how Grimmalkin as you tearm her, if he were no bigger: could eat o much meat at once, I doo not think (quoth he that tolde the tale) that he did eat all: although he aked all, but took her choice and left the ret by, as wee ée in the féeding of many things. For a Woolf although a Cony be more then he can eat, yet wil he kil a Cow or twaine for his breakfat like wie all other rauenous beats. Now that loue and fellowhip and a deire to aue their kinde is among Cats: I knowe by experience. For there was one that hired a fréend of mine in patime to rote a Cat aliue, and promied him for his labour twentie Shillings, my fréend to be ure: caued a Couper to faten him into a Hoghed, in which he|
turned a pit wherupon was a quick Cat, but ere he had turned a while: whether it was the mel of the Catζ wul that inged, or els her cry that called them: I cannot tel, but there cam uch a orte of Cats, that if I and other hardy men (which were well crat for our labour) had not behaued vs the better: the Hoghed as fat as it was hooped could not haue kept my Coin fr them. Indéed quooth a wel lerned man and one of excellent iudgement that was then in the company. It dooth appéere that there is in Cats as in all other kindes of beats, a certaine rea and language wherby they vndertd one another. But as touching this Grimmalkin: I take rather to be an Hagat or a VVitch then a Cat. For witches haue gone often in that likenes, And therof hath come the prouerb as trew as common, that a Cat hath nine liues, that is to ay, a witch may take on her a Cats body nine times.
By my faith ir this is trange (quod I my elf) that a Witch hould take on her a Cats bodie. I haue read that the Pithonees could caue their pirites to take vpon them dead mens bodies,
Cat will to kinde.
ts take on
th dead me
well een in
|and the ayry pirits whiche wée call Demones, of which kinde are Iucub9 and Succubus, Robin goodfelowe the Fairy and Goblines, which the Miners call Telchines, could at their pleaure take vpon them any other ortes. But that a woman béeing o large a bodie, hould train her into the body of a Cat or into that forme either : I haue not much heard of, nor can well perceiue how it may be, which maketh me I promie you beléeue it the lee. Wel maiter Streamer (quoth he) I knowe you are not o ignorant héerin as you make your elf : but this is your accutomed fahion alwaies to make men beléeue that you be not o well lerned as you be. Sapiens enim celat cienciam which apéered wel by Socrates. For I knowe béeing kild as you be in ye tunges chéefly ye Calde, Arabik and Egiptian, and hauing read o many Authors therin, you mut néeds be kilful in thee matters but where you pake of intruion of a woms body in to a Cat: you either play Nicodem, or the tubbern Popih coniurer, wherof the one would créep into his mothers belly again: that other would bring|
|Chrite out of Heau to thrut him to a péece of bread, but as the one of them is groce & the other peruers: o in this point I mut place you with one of th For although witches may take vpon them Cats bodies, or alter the hape of their or other bodies yet this is not doon by putting their owne bodies therinto but either by bringing their oules for the time out of their bodies, and puttg them in the other, or by deluding the ight and fantaies of the éers. As wh I make a candle with the brain of an Hore and Brimtone, the light of the cdel maketh all kinds of heads appéer horeheads but yet it altereth the form of no head, but deceiueth the right ccepcion of the eye, which through the fale light receiueth a like forme. Th quoth he that had béen in Ireland, I cnot tel ir by what means witches doo change their one likenes and the hapes of other things. But I haue heard of o many, and éen o much my elf, that I am ure they doo it. for in Ireland (as they haue béen in England) witches are for feare had in high reuerce, and they be o cunning: that they can chaunge the hapes of thgs as they lit at their plea||
ced for fear
An act for
of hay and
him elf to
haue been a
|ure, & o deceue the people therby that an act was made in Ireld, that no m hould buy any red wine. The caue wherof was this. Witches ved to d to ye markets many red wine fair & fat to ée vnto as any mought be, & would in that forme ctinew long, but it chanced the buiers of them to bring them to any water : immediatly they found th returned either into wips of Haye, Straw, olde rotten boords or ome other uch like trpery, by meanes wherof they haue lot their money or uch other cattel as they gaue in exchange for th There is alo in Ireland one nacion, wherof e one man and woman are at euery euen yeeres end turned into Wulues, and o continew in the woodζ the pace of euen yéers and if they hap to liue out ye time : they return to their own forme again: and other twain are turned for the like time into the ame hape, which is a penance (as they ay) enioyned that tock by Saint Patrick for ome wickednes of their ancetors & ye this is true : witneed a man whom I left aliue in Ireland, who had performed this euen yéeres penance, whoe wife was laine while he was a Wulf|
in her lat yéer. This man told to many men whoe cattel he had wooried, & whoe bodyes he had aailed, while he was a wulf o plain and euident toks & hewed uch cares of wounds which other men had giuen him, bothe in his mannes hape before he was a wulf, and in his wulfs hape ince, which al appered vpon his kin: that it was euident to all men, yea and to ye Bihop too (vpon whoe grant it was recorded and regetred) that the matter was vndoutedly pat peraduenture.
And I am ure you are not ignorant of ye Hermit whom as S.Augute writeth, a witch would in an Aes forme ride vpon to market. But now how thee Witches made their wine, & how thee folk were turned fr hap to hap whether by ome ointment whoe cleernes deceiued mens ights til either the water wahed away the ointment or that the cleernes of the water excelled the cléernes of the Ointment, and o betraied the operation of it I am as vncertain as I am ure that it were ye pirits caled Demones, forced by inchantmt we mooued thoe bodies, til hame of their hape dicouered, caued th to
are the oul
es of coter
are by natu
is kin to vn
both goe by
|leaue them. But as for the tranformaion of the wulfes, is either miraculus as Naams lepry in the flock of Geheie, or els to hamful, crafty, malicious orcery. And as the one way is vnerchable : o I think there might means bée found to gee how it is doon the other way. For witches are by nature excéeding malicious: and it may chaunce ye ome witches for dipleaure taken we this wuluih nation, gaue her daughter charge in her death bed, when he taught her the cience (for til that time witches neuer teach it nor th but to their eldet and bet beloued daughter) that he hould at euery euen yéeres ende: confect ome ointment which for euen yéeres pace might be in force againt all other cléernes to repreent vnto mens eyes the hape of a wulfe, and in the night eaon to goe her elf in likenes either of ye mare or ome other night fourme, and anoint therwith the bodies of ome couple of that kinred which he hated, & that after her time he hould charge her daughter to oberue ye ame & to charge her daughter after her to doo ye like for euer o ye this charge is giuen alwayes by tradicion|
with the cience, and o is continued & oberued by this Witches ofpring by whom two of this kinred, as it may be uppoed, are from euery euen for euery eu yéers pace turned into wulfes
When I had heard thee tales, and the reaon of the dooing hewed by the teller. ah Thomas (quoth I, for ye was his name, hée died afterward of a dieae which hée took in Newgate, where he lay long for upection of magik becaue he had deired a prioner to promie him his oul after he was hanged) I perceiue now ye olde prouerb is true, the til ow eateth vp all the draff You go & behaue your elf o imply ye a man would think you were but a fool but you haue vttred uch a proof of naturall knowledg in this your bréef talke as I think, except my elf and few more the bet learned aliue, none could haue doon the like, you ay your pleaur maiter Stremer quoth he as for me I haue aid nothing aue that I haue éen & wherof any man might coniectur as I doo. you haue poken ful wel, quoth he ye gaue occai of this tale, and your coniectures are right reaonable. For like as by ointments, as you uppoe the I
the bet ler=
ned are not
that a man
but to euil.
|rih witches doo make ye form of Swin and wolues appéere to all mens ight: o think I that by the like power Englih witches, and Irih witches, may and doo turn them elues into Cats for I heard it tolde while I was in ye Vniueritie, by a credible Clark of Oxford how that in the dayes while he was a Childe : an olde woman was brought before the Officiall & accued for a witch which in the likenes of a Cat would goe into her neighbours houes & tele thce what he lited, we cplaint was prooued true, by a place of the woms Skin which her accuers we a fire brd that they hurled at her had inged whil he went a theeuing in her cats likenes So ye to conclude as I began, I think that the cat which you call Grimalkin whoe name caryeth in it matter to cfirm my Coniecture. For Malkin is a woms ne as witneeth ye prouerb. there be mo maides th Malkin I Think ( I ay) that it was a witch in a cats likenes and that for the wit & craft of her : other natural cats that were not o wie, haue had her & her race reuerce among them, thinking her to be but a méer cat as they th elues were, like|
as we ly fooles long time for his ly & crafty iugling, reuerenced the Pope, thinkg him to haue béen but a m (though much holier th we our elues were) where as indéed he was a very incarnated deuil, like as this Grimmalkin was an incarnate witch. why th ir (aid I) doo you think that naturall cats haue wit & that they vndertand one an other, what els maiter Stremer (quod he) there is no kinde of encible creatures but haue reaon and vndertanding wherby (in their kinde) eche vndertdeth other, & doo therin ome points o excell: that the cideration therof, moued Pithagoras (as you knowe) to beléeue & affirm that after death, mens oules went into beats, & beats ouls into men, and euery one according to his deert in his former body.
And although his opinion be fond and fale : yet that which drew him therto is euident and true, & that is the wit and reaon of diuers beats, and again the dul beatly brutih ignorance of diuers men, but that beats vndertand one another, and Fowles likewie, beid ye we ee by dayly experience in marking them, the tory of the Bihop of Alex
all kinde of
is the org
dria by record dooth proue. for he found the mean either through diligenc o to mark them or els through Magik naturall, o to ubtilitate his encible power either by purging his braine by dry drinkes & fumes, or els to augmt the braines of his power perceptible, by other naturall medicines, ye he vnderstood al kind of creatures by their voyces. For being on a time itting at dinner in a houe amg his fréends : he harkned diligtly to a Sparow that came fléeing and chirping to other that were about the houe, & miled to him elf to hear her, and when one of ye company deired to knowe why he miled : he aid at the Sparowes tale. For hée telleth th (quoth he) that in the highway not a quarter of a mile hence a ack of wheat is euen now fallen of an hore back & broken, & all the wheat run out, and therfore biddeth them come thether to dner. and when the geats mued héer at, ent to prooue the trueth : they found it euen as he had tolde them.
When this tale was ended the clock trook nine whervpon olde Thomas becaue he had far to his lodging: took his leaue and departed, the ret of ye compa
ny gat them alo either to their buines or to their beds.
And I went traight do my chamber before remembred, and took a book in my hand to haue tudied, but the remembraunce of this former talke o troubled me ye I could think of nothing els, but mu=
more narowely that euery
man had poken.
[ p.32 ]
ter Streamers Oration.
bled in the
|parte of their meaning: I went oftly and faire into a Chamber which hath a windowe into the ame leads, and in the dark tanding cloely: I vewed through the trellice as wel as I could, all their getures and behauiour, And I promie you it was a thing woorth the marking to ée what countenaunces, what becks yea and what order was among them. For one Cat which was a mightie big one, gray heared, britle bearded, and hauing brode eyes which hone and parkled like two Starres, ate in the mids, and on either ide of her ate an other, and before her tood thrée more, wherof one mewed continewally, aue when the great Cat groned, & euer when the gret Cat had doon : this mewing Cat began a gain, firt tretching out her neck & as it were making behens to th which at. And often times in the middet of this Cats mewing : all the ret would uddenly, eche one in his tune braied forth, and incontinently huht again, as it were laughing at omwhat which they heard the other Cat declare. After this orte I behelde them from ten til it was twelue a clock, at which time, whether it were veel in the kitchin vnder, or ome boord||
in the printing houe hard by, I cannot tel, but ome what fel wit h ueh a noie that all the cats gat them vp vp ye houe and I fearing let any aroe to ée what was fallen, they would charge me with the hurling down of it if they found mée there I whipt into my Chamber quickly and finding my lamp burning: I et me down vpon my bed, and deuied vpon ye dooings of thee Cats, cating all maner of wayes, what might be ciectured therof to know what they meaned. And by and by I déemed that the gray cat which at in the midt : was the chéef, & at as a Judge among the ret, and that the Cat which continually mewed : declared e matter or made account to her of omewhat.
By meanes wherof I was traight caught with uch a deire to knowe what he had aid : ye I could not léep of all that night, but lay deuiing by what meanes I might learn to vndertand them. And calling to minde that I had read in Altus Magnus works, a way how to be able to vndertand birds voyces: I mad no more to doo but ought in my library for ye litle book intituled De virtutibus = animalium, &c. and gréedely red it ouer
|and when I came to Si vis voces auium intelligere. & c. Lord how glad I was. And when I had throughly marked the dicripion of the medicen, and conidred with my elf the nature and power of euery thing therin, and how and vpon what it wrought : I deuied therby how we parte of thoe things, & adition of other like vertue & operation, to make a Philtre to erue for my purpoe. And as oon as retles Phebus was come vp out of the moking Sea, & with haking his golden coulored beames which were all the night long in Thetis moit boome had dropped of his iluer weat in to Herdaes dry lap, & kiing faire Aurora with glowing mouth, had driuen fr ther h’aduoutrer Lucifer & was moted o hye to look vp Europa ye for at ye heiht of Mile end téeple he pied mée through the glae windowe lying on my bed, vp I roe and got me abroad to éek for uch thgs as might erue for my earnet buines which I went about, and becaue you be all my fréends that are héere : I wil hide nothing from you, but declare from point to point how I behaued myelf bothe in making & taking of my Philtre, If thou wilt vndertand (aith Al||
nature of al
of the reur
may be hid
uing an ex
hog is one
of the pla
bert) the voices of birds or beats, take two in thy company, and vpon Simon and Judes day early in the morning, get thée with Hounds into a certain wood, and the firt beat that thou méetet take and prepare with the hart of a Fox, and thou halt haue thy purpoe, and who oeuer thou kitet hal vndertd them as wel as thy elf.
Becaue his writing héer is doutful becaue he aith Quoddam nemus a certain wood & because I knew thrée men (not many yéeres pat) which while they went about this hunting were o fraid, whether with an euil Spirite or we their own immagination I cannot tel, but he they came with their here tanding on end, and ome of th haue béen ye woore euer ince and the hounds likewie, and éeing it was o lg to S. Judas day therfore I determined not to ht at all, but a coniecturing that ye bet that they hould take was an Hedgehog (which at that time of the yéer goeth mote abrode, and knowing by reaon that the fleh therof was by nature ful of naturall heat, and therfore the principal parts béeing eat: mut néeds cxpulce groce matters and ubtil the braine, as by the like power it
|ingendreth fine blood, o helpeth it much bothe againt the Gout and the Cramp, I got me foorth toward S. Johns wood, and wheras not two dayes before I had éen one, and ee the lucky and vnlucky chaunce, by the way as I went I met with Hunters, who bad ye morning kild a Foxe and thrée Hares, who (I thank them) gaue me an Hare : and the Foxes whole body except the cace, and ix mart lahes with a iip, becaue (wherin I did mean no harm) I aked them if they had éen any where any hedghog ye morning And héer aue that my tale is otherwie long, I would hew you my minde of thee wicked upertitious oberuation of foolih hunters, for they be like as éemeth me to ye papits, which for peakg of good and trewe woords: punih good & honet m. Are not, Apes, Owles, Cuckowes, Beares and Urchins Gods good creatures? Why then is it not lawful to name them? If they ay it bringeth euil luck in the game: then are they vnlucky Idolatrical micret Infidels and haue no true beléefe in Gods prouidence I behrew their uperticious hartes, for my buttocks bear the burthen of their mibeléef, and yet I thank them again for||
ters ar kin
es ar wo=
rdes : argu=
He that ee
aith if a
why he ma=
keth it: it
wil be of
|the Fox & the hare which they gaue me, for with thoe two Houndes at my girdle I went a hunting, til indéed vnder a Hedge in a hole of the earth by the root of an hollow trée: I found an hedghog with a buhel of crabs about him, whom I killed traight we my knife, aying. Shauol washmeth, gorgona licud, & with the other beats hung him at my girdle and came homeward as fat as I could hye But when I came in the cloe beides Ilington commonly caled S. Johns féeld A kite belike very hungry, pide at my back the kinlee Fox, and thinking to haue had a morel: trake at it, and that o egerly that one of his clawes was entred o déep, that before he could leue it: I drew out my knife and killed him, aying Iauolsheleg hutotheca Iicud and to make vp the mee, brought him hom with the ret , and ere I had layd them out of my hand: came Thomas whom you heard of before, & brought me a Cat which for dooing euill turnnes: they had that morning caught in a nare et for her two dayes before, which for the skins ake béeing flain: was o excéeding fat, that after I had tak ome of the greace the inwards and the hed, to make (as I|
|made him béeleue) a medicine for the gout, they perboyled the ret & at night roted and farced with good hearbes, did eat it vp euery morel, and was as good meat as was or could be eaten But now mark, for when Thomas was departed with his Cat : I hut my Chamber doores to m, and flaied my Irchin, wihing oft for Doctor Nicholas or ome other expert Phiition to mak the dieccion, for the better knowledge of the Anotomy. The fleh I wahed clene, and put it in a pot, and with white wine, Melliophillos or Melia, commonly called Balme, Roemary, Netes tung, foure pattes of the firt & two of the econd, I made a broth and et it on the fire & boyled it, etting on a Lembick with a Glas at the end ouer the mouth of the pot, to receiue the water that ditilled fr it, in the éething wherof I had a pinte, of a pottel of Wine which I put in the pot. Then becaue it was about the Solticium etiuale, and that in confections the houres of the planets, mut for the better operacion be oberued: I taried til t a clock before dinner, what time Mercury began his lucky reigne, and then I took a péece of the Cats liuer, & a péece of||
A Cat was
man is ei=
ther a God
or a beat.
dus fiat in
|the kidney, a péece of ye milt & the whole hart, the Foxes hart and lights, the Hares braine, the kites mawe, and the Irchins kidneies, all thee I beat in a morter togither til it were mall, & then made a cake of it, and baked it vpon an hot tone til it was drye like bread. And while this was a baking: I took vij parts of the Cats greace, as much of her brain with v.heares of her beard, iij. black and two gray, thrée partes of the Foxes grec as much of her braine, with the hooues of his left féet, the like porcion of the Irchins greace and brain with his tones, all the kites brain, all the Marow of her bes, the iuce of her hart, her vpper beke and the middle claw of her left foot, the fat of the Hares kidneies, and the iuce of his right houlder bone. All thee things I punned to gether in a Morter by the pace of an houre, and then I put it in a cloth, and hung it ouer a baon in ye un, out of which dropped within iiij. houres after, about half a pint of Oyle very fair and cléere. Then took I the galles of all thee beats and the kites too and erued them likewie, kéeping the licour ye dropped from them. At twelue a clock what time the Sun began his planeticall do-|
|minion, I went to dinner, and meat I eat none aue the boyled Irchin : my bred was the cake mencioned afore, my drk was the ditillati of the Irchins brothe which was excéeding trong and pleant bothe in tate and auour. After that I had dined wel: my head waxed o heuy, that I could not chae but léep, and after that I waked again which was within an houre : my mouth and my noe purged excéedingly, uch yelow, white and tawny matters: as I neuer aw before, nor thought that any uch had been in mnes body. When a pinte of this gere was come forth : my rume ceaed, and my head and all my body was in excéeding good temper, and a thouand things which I had not thought of in twenty yéeres before: came o frehly to my minde as if they had been then preently doon, heard or éen. Wherby I perceiued that my brain chéefly the nuke memoratiue was meruelouly well purged my imagination alo was o freh, ye by and by I could hew probable reaon, what and in what orte, and vpon what matter euery thing which I had taken, wrought, and the caue why. Than to be occupied after my léep: I cat away the||
in the nod
dle of the
is good af
ge the hed
A good me=
dicin for a
|carcas of the Fox, & of ye kite, with all the garbage bothe of them & the ret, auing the tungs and the eares, which were very neceary for my purpoe. And thus I prepared them. I took all the eares and caloed of the hear : then tamped I them in a morter, & when they all were like a dry gelly: I put to th Rue, Fenel Lowach and léeke blades, of each a handful, and punned them a freh then deuided I all the matter in two egall parts, and made two litle pillowes, & tuffed them therwith. And when Saturnes dry houre of dominion approched: I fryed thee pillowes in good oyle olife, and layd th hot to mine eares, to eche ere one, and kept them therto til nine a clock at night , which holpe excéedingly to comfort my vndertanding power. But becaue as I perceiued the cell perceptible of my brain intelligible, was yet to groe, by meanes that the filmy panicle cming from dure mater, made to trait opilations, by ingroing the pores and cduts imaginatiue, I deuied to help that with this gargariticall fume, whoe ubtil acention is wunderful. I took the cat the Foxes, and the Kites tung, and od them in Wine welnéere to gelly, then|
|took I them out of the wine, and put th in a Morter & added to them of new cats dung an ounce of Muterd éed, Garlike and Pepper amuch, and when they were with beating incorpored: I made loenges and trocikes therof And at ix a clock at night, what time the uns dominion began againe I upped we theret of the meat which I left at dinner & wh Mercuryes reigne aproched which was within two hours after : I drank a great draught of my tilled water & anointed all my head ouer with wine and oyle before decribed, and with the water which came out of the galles: I wahed mine eyes, and becaue no humors hould acd into my head by euaporation of my reins through the chine bone, I took an ounce of Alkakgy in powder which I had for a like purpoe not two daies afore bouht at the Potecaries, and therwith rubbed and chafed my back from the neck down to the midle, and heatg in a frying pan my pillowes afreh & laid them to mine eares, and tied a kerchef about my head and with my loenges and trocikes in a boxe, I went out among the eruants, among whom was a hrewd boy, a very crackrope, ye néeds would knowe what||
es mot to
al fine and
et pot of
is to pre-
|was in my boxe, and I to aue him after his awines: called them Precienciall pilles, affirming that who o might eat one of them hould not only vndertand wonders: but alo prophecye after them. Wheruppon the boy was excéeding ernet in intreating me to giue him one, and when at lat very lothely (as it eemed) I graunted his requet: he took a loenge, put it in his mouth, and chewed it apace, by means wherof when the fume acded: he began to pattle and pit, aying by Gods bones it is a Cats toord. At this the compauy laughed apace, & o did I to, verifiying it to be as he aid, & that he was a Prophet. But that he might not pue to much by Imaginati: I took a loenge in my mouth, and kept in vnder my tung, hewing therby that it was not euil. While this patime endured : me thought I heard one cry with a loud voice, what Iegrim, and therfore I aked whoe name was Iegrim, aying that one did call him, but they aid that they knew none of that name, nor heard any that did cal. No quoth I (for it called til) hear you no body? who is that called o lowd ? we hear nothing but a cat (quod they) which mewes abooue in the Leads|
|When I aw it was o indéed, and that I vndertood what the cat aid glad was I as any man aliue, and taking my leaue of them as though I would to bed traight, I went into my chamber, for it was pat nine of the clock, and becaue the houre of Saturnus colde dominion approched : I put on my gown & got me priuely to the place in the which I had vewed the Cats the night before. And wh I had etled my elf where I might couueniently heer and ée all things doon in the Leads where this Cat cryed til for Isegrim. I put in to my two noethrils two troiques, & in to my mouth two loenges, one abooue my tung the other vnder, and put of my left hoo becaue of Iupiters appropinquation & layd the Fox taile vnder my foot. And to hear the better: I took of my pillowes whiche topped mine eares and then litned and vewed as attentiuely as I could, but I warrant you ye pelicle or filmy rime ye lyeth within ye bottome of mine eare hole, fr whence little vainescary the ounds to the ences, was with this medicine in my pillowes o purged and parched, or at leat dryed : that the leat moouing of the ayre, whether troke with breth of i-||
ces of thi-
Saturn is a
ing in due
|uing creatures which we call voyces, or with the moouing of dead, as windes, waters, trées, carts, falling of tones &c which are named noyes, ounded o hril in my head by reuerberacion of my fined filmes, that the ound of them altogither was o diordered and mtrous: that I could dicern no one from other, aue only the Hermony of the moouing of the Spheres, which noye excelled all other amuch bothe in pleaantnes & hril highnes of ound : as ye Zodiack it elf urmoteth all other creatures in altitude of place. For in comparion of ye baet of this noye which is the moouing of Saturn by meanes of his large compas, the highet voyces of birds, and the traitet whitling of the winde, or any other organ pipes (whoe ounds I heard cfued togither) appéered but a lowe bace, and yet was thoe an high treble to the voice of beats, to which as a mean, the running of riuers was a tenor: and the boyling of the Sea and the caterakts or gulfes therof a goodly bae, and the rahing, briing and falling of the clowdes, a déep diapa. While I harkned to this broil, laboring to dicern bothe voices and noyces a under, I heard uch a mixture as I|
|think was neuer in Chaucers houe of fame, for there was nothing within an hundred mile of me doon on any ide, (for from o far but no farther the ayre may come becaue of obliquation) but I herd it as wel as if I had béen by it, and could dicern all voyces, but by means of noyes vndertand none. Lord what a doo women made in their beds? ome colding, ome laughing, ome wéeping, ome inging to their ucking children which made a woful noye with their ctinuall crying. and one hrewd wife a great way of (I think at S. Albons) called her huband Cuckolde o lowd and hrilly: that I heard that plain, and would fain haue I heard the ret, but could not by means of barking of dogges, grting of hoggs wauling of cats, rumbling of ratts, gagling of géee humming of bées, rouing of Bucks, gagling of ducks, inging of Swannes, ringing of pannes, crowing of Cocks owing of ocks, kacling of hs crabling of pnes, péeping of mice, trulling of dice, corling of froges, and todes in the bogges, chirping of crickets, huting of wickets, kriking of owles, flitring of fowles, rowting of knaues, norting of laues, farting of churls filing of||
teth by me
ane of the
es in the
ch all men
girles, with many things ele, as ringg of belles.coting of coines.mounting of groines, whipering of loouers, pringlg of ploouers, groning and puing, baking and bruing, cratching & rubbing, watching and hrugging, with uch a orte of commixed noyes as would deaf any body to haue heard, much more me, éeing that the pannicles of mine eares were with my mediine made o fine and tif, and that by the temperate heat of the things therin, that like a taber dryed before the fire, or els a lute tring by heat hrunk néerer, they were incomparably amended in receiuing and yéelding the hrilnes of any touching ounds.
While I was ernetly harkng as I aid to hear the wom (minding nothing els) the greatet bell in Saint Botulphes téeple, which is hard by, was tolled for ome rich body that then lay in paing, the ound wherof came with uch a rumble into mine eare : that I thought all the deuils in hel had broken loe, and were come about me, and was o a fraid ther with that when I felt the Foxe taile vnder my foot (which through feare I had forgotten) I déemed it had bée n the deuil indéed. And therfore I cried out as lowd
|as euer I could : the deuil, the deuil, the deuil. But when ome of the folke raied with my noie had ought me in my chber and found me not there: they went éeking about calling one to a nother, where is he? where is he? I cannot finde Maiter Streamer, which noie & stir of th was o great in mine eares, & paing mans cmon ound : that I thought they had béen deuils indéed which ought and aked for me. Wherfore I crept cloe in to a corner in the chimney and hid me, aying many good praiers, to aue me from them. And becaue their noie was o terrible that I could not abide it : I thought bet to top mine ears, thinking thérby I hould be the lee affraid. And as I was there about: a crowe which belike was by nodding a léep on ye chimny top, fel down into the chimney ouer my head, whoe flittering in the fall made uch a noice, that when I felt his féet vpon my head : I thought that the deuil had béen come indéed and eied vpon me. And when I cat vp my hand to aue me and therwith touched him: he called me knaue in his languege after uch a orte that I wouned for feare. And by that I was come to my elf again he was flow-||
A m may
en fr me into the chamber roof & there he at all night, Th took I my pillowes and topped mine eares, for the rumble that the eruaunts made I took for the deuils it was o great and hril, and I had no ooner put them on: but by and by I heard it was ye eruants which ought for me and that I was deceiued through my cléernes in hearing. For ye bel which put me in all this feare (for which I neuer looued belles ince) tolled til, and I perceiued wel inough what it was. And éeing that the eruants would not leaue calling and éeking til they had
and fained that a Cat had béen in
my chamber, and frayed mée.
wheruppon they went
to bed again, and
I too mine olde
[ p.51 ]
ter Streamers Oration.
is caue of
I take this
bee it that
is intitu -
led of the
|caueth the Sea to eb and flowe, neither to nepe and pring : but the neping and pringing of the Sea is caue of the Moons bothe waxing and waning. For the Moon light is nothing aue the hining of the Sun. cat into the element by oppoition of the Sea, as alo the tares are nothing els but the un light reflectted vpon ye face of riuers, & cat vpon the chritalline heauen, which because Riuers alway kéep like coure, therfore are the tarrs alway of one bignes, As for the coure of the tarrs from eat to wet is natural by meanes of the unnes like moouing, but in that they acend & decend, that is, ometime come northward and ome time goe outhward: that is caued alo by the unnes béeing either on this ide or on the other ide his line likenighticall: the like reaon foloweth for the poles not moouing, and that is the ituation of choe riuers or dead eas which cat them, and the roundnes and egforme of the firmament. But let this pae which in my book of Heauen and Hell, halbe plainly not onely declared: but bothe by reaon and experience prooued, I wil come again to my matter. When Cinthea (I ay) folowing her bro-|
|thers teps had looked in at my chamber windowe, & aw me neither in my bed nor at my book: he hied her apace into the outh, and at a little hole in the houe roof, péeped in and aw me where I was et to harken to the Cats. And by this time all the Cats which were there the night before: were aembled with many other, onely the great gray one excepted. Unto whom as oon as he was come all the ret did their beyance as they did the night before. And when he was et: thus he began in his language, which I vndertood as wel as if he had poken Englih, A my déer fréends and felowes you may ay I haue béen a lingerer this night, and that I haue taried long but you mut pardon me, for I could ce no ooner. For when this euening I wt into an ambry where was much good meat, to teale my upper: there came a wench not thinking I had béen there, and clapped ye lid down, by means wherof I haue had much to doo to get foorth. Alo in the way as I came hether ouer the houe tops, in a gutter were théeues breaking in at the windowe, who frayed me o: that I lot my way and fel down into the treat, and had much to||
Cats are a-
chin is the
|doo to ecape the dogges, But éeing that by the grace of Hagat and Heg, I am now come, although as I perceiue by the taile of the great Beare, and by Alhabor which are now omwhat outhward that the fifth houre of our night approcheth, yet éeing this is the lat night of my charge, and that to morrow I mut again to my Lord Cammoloch (at this all the cats pred a long there tailes and cryed Hagat and Heg aue him) go to now good moue leyer (q he) and that in time which my mifortune hath lot: recouer again by bréefnes of thy talke. I will my Lord quoth Mouleyer, which is the Cat which as I tolde you tood before the great Cat the night before, continually mewg, who in her lguage after ye with her taile hée had made curteie, hrunk in her neck and aid. wheras by vertue of your cmiion from my Lord Cammoloch (whoe life Hagat and Heg defend) who by inheritance and our frée election inioyeth the Empire of his traiterouly murthered mother, the Goddes Grimolochin, you his greffier and chéef couneller my Lord Griard with Iegrim and Poilnoer your aitants, vpon a complaint put vp in your high dées,|
|by that fale accuer Catchrat (who beareth me malice becaue I refued his lecherouly offered delights) haue caued me in purging my elfe before this honorable company, to declare my whole life ince the blinde dayes of my kitlinghood, you remember I trut, how in the two nights paed, I haue declared my life for iiij. yéeres pace wherin you perceiue how I behaued me all that time. Wherfore to begin where I left lat: you hall vndertand that my Lord and Lady whoe liues I declared vnto you lat yeter night, left the Citie and went to dwel in the Country, and caried me with them. And béeing there traunge: I lot their houe, and with Bird hunt my make, the gentlet in honet venery that euer I met with, when to a town where he dwelt called Stratford either tony, vpon Tine, or vpon Auon, I doo not wel remember which where I dwelt halfe a yéere, and this was in the time when Preachers had leaue to peake againt the Mae, but it was not forbidden til halfe a yéere after. In this time I aw nothing woorthy to ertifie my Lord of: aue this. My dame with whom I dwelt and her huband were bothe olde, and||
elf by de-
ors ar hard
to be re-
Cats ar ad-
A ioly per
|therfore hard to be turned from their rooted beléefe which they had in the mae, which caued diuers yung folke chéefly their onnes, and a lerned kineman of theires to be the more ernet to teach & perwade them. And when they had all mote brought ye matter to a good point: I cannot tell how it chaunced: but my dames ight failed her, and he was o ick: that he kept her bed two dayes. Wherfore he ent for the parih Préet her olde gotly father, and when all wer voyded the chamber aue I & they two : he tolde him how ick he was and how blinde, o that he could ée nothing, and deired him to pray for her and giue her good counaile. To whom he aid thus, it is no meruaile though you be ick and blinde in body which uffer your ouls willingly to be blinded, you end for me now : but why end you not for me when thee new herericks teach you to leaue the catholicke beléef of Chrites fleh in the Sacrament? Why ir (quod hée) I did end for you once, and wh you came they poed you o with holy write, and Saints writing: that you could ay nothing but call them Hereticks, and that they had made the new Tetamt them|
elues. Yea quoth he, but did not I bid you take héed then, & tolde you how God would plage you? Yes good ir, quoth he you did, and now to my pain I finde you to true a Prophet, but I beéech you for giue me and pray to God for me & whatoeuer you wil teach me: ye wil I beléeue vnto the death. Well (quod he) God refueth no inners that wil repent, and therfore in any cae beléeue ye Chrites, fleh body, oule, and bone is as it was born of our bleed Lady, in the conecrated hot & ée that therfore you woorhip it: pray and offer to it. For by it any of your fréends oules may be brought out of purgatory, which the new heretickes ay is no place at all, but when their oules fry in it : they hal tel me other tale. And ye you may know all ye I ay is true & that the mae can deliuer uch as trut in it, from all maner of innes: I wil by & by ay you a mae that hall retore your ight and helth. Then took he out of his boome a Wafer cake, and called for Wine, and then hutting the door vnto him, reuied him elf in a urples and vpon a table et before the bed: he laid his Portue and therout he aid mae.
And when he came to the leuation:
A tru cole
uncel of a
|he lifted vp the cake and aid to my dame ( which in two dayes afore awe nothing ) wipe thine eyes thou inful woman and look vpon thy maker. With that hée lifted vp her elf and aw the cake, and had her ight and her helth awel as euer hée had before. When mas was doon : he thanked God and him excedingly, and he gaue her charge that hée hould tel to no yung folks how he was holpe, for his bihop had through out the dioces forbidden them to ay or ing any mae but cmaunded her that ecretly vnto olde honet men and women: hée hould at all times mote deuoutly rehere it. And by reaon of this miracle many are o confirmed in ye beléef, that although by a common law, all maes vpon penaltie were ince forbidden : diuers haue th em priuily and nightly aid in their chambers vntil this day. Mary ir (quoth Poilnoer) this was either a mightie miracle : or els a micheuous ubteltie of a mageticall miniter. But ure if the Préet by magicall art blinded her not afore, and o by like maicall orcery cured her again. It were good for vs to hire him or other préets at our deliuerye to ing a mas before our kitlings,|
|ye they might in their birth be deliuered of their blindenes, & ure if I knew that préet : it hould cape me hard but I would haue one litter of kitlings in e chber where he veth now to ay his priuy night maes. What néed ye (q Moulear) it would do th no good For I my elf vpon like coniderati kitned ince in other mitrees chber of me, where a préete euery day aid mas but my kitlgs awe nought ye better : but rather ye wore. But when I heard ye the Lord with whe I went into ye countrey, would to Ldon to dwel again : I kept the houe o wel for a moneth before, that when my Lady when he went caried me with her. And when I was come to Loudon again: I went in viitation to mine olde acquaintance, & when I was great with kitling becaue I would not be vnpurueyed of a place to kitten in : I got in fauour & houholde with an olde gentlewoman a widdowe, with whom I paed out this whole yéere. This woman got her liuing by boording yung gentlemen. for whom he kept alwaies faire wches in tore for whoe ake he had the more reorte, & to tel you the trueth of her trade: it was fine and crafty, and not o daunge||
mas o yg
pi a profit
of an olde
wil to car-
All is fih
not ee to
|rous, as deceitful. For when he had oked from yung Gentlemen all that they had : then would he cat them of except they fell to cheting. Wherfore many of th in the night time would goe abrode, and hring the next morning home with them ome times money, ometime Jewels, as ringes or chaines, omtime apparel, and omtime they would come again curing their il fortune, with nothing aue peraduenture drye blowes or wet wods, but whatoeuer they broght my dame would take it, and finde the meanes either o to gage it ye he would neuer fetch it again : or els melt it & el it to ye Goldemithes. And not withtding that he ved thee wicked practies : yet was he very holy and religious, & therfore although that all Images were forbidden : yet kept he one of our Lady in her cofer and euery night when euery body were gone to bed, & none in her chaber but he and I, then would he fetch her out, and et her vpon her Cupborde and light vp two or thrée war candels before her, and then knéele down to her, ometime an hole houre aying ouer her bedes, and praying her to be good vnto her, and to aue her and all her geats|
|bothe from daunger and hame, and promiing that then hée would honor and erue her during all her life. While I was with this woman: I was alway much cherihed and made of, for on nights while he was praying: I would bée playing with her bedes, and alway catch them as he let them fall, & would omtime put my head in the compas of them, and run away with them about my neck, wherat many times he took great pleaure, yea and o did our Lady too. For my dame would ay omtimes to her, yea bleed Lady, I knowe thou hearet me by thy miling at my Cat. And neuer did my dame doo me any hurt aue once, and that I was euen with her for, and ye was thus. There was a gtleman one of her bourders much enamored in ye beauty of a marchtmans wife in the Citie, whom he could by no mes perwade to atifie his lut, yea when hée made her great banquets, offred her rich apparel, & all kinde of Jewels pretious which cmonly wom delight in yea and large mes of money which corrupte, euen the Gods them elues : yet could he by no means alter her mde, omuch he etéemed her good name and honety.||
is hired to
to ee the
Loue is loi
All is not
|Wherfore forced through deire of that which he could not but lg for, & o much the more, becaue it was mote ernetly denied him: he brake his minde to my dame, and intreated her to aid him to win this yung womans fauour, and promied her for her labour whatoeuer he would require. Wherupon my dame which was taken for as honet a woman as any in the Citie, found the meane to deire this yung woman to a dinner, & againt he hould ce: my de gaue me a péece of a pudding which he had filled full of mutard. Which as oon as I had eat, wrought o in my head that it made mine eyes run al ye day after, & to mend this: he blew pepper in my noe to make me néee. And when the yung wife was come, after that my dame had hewd her all the comodities of her houe (for women delight much to hew forth what they haue) they et them down togither at the table, none aue only they two, and while they were in goips talk about ye behaueours of this woman, and that I came as I was accutomed and ate by my dame. And when the yung woman hearing me cough and éeing me wéep ctinually : aked what I ayled, my|
|dame, who had teares at her cmaundement ighed, & fallen as it were in a odain dump, brat foorth in wéeping and aid. In faith maitres I think I am the infortunatet woman aliue, vpon whom God hath at once powred foorth all his plagues, for my huband the honetet man that liued, he hath taken from me, and with him mine heire & onely onne, the mot towardly yung man that was aliue, and yet not atisfied héer with : loe héer mine onely daughter which though I ay it: was as faire a woman and as fortunately maried as any in this Citie he hath (for her honetie or crueltie I can not tel whether) turned into this likenes wherin he hath béen abooue thee two monethes, continually wéeping as you ée, and lamenting her mierable wretchednes. The yung woman atonihed at this tale and crediting it, by meanes of my dames lachrimable procetations and déep diimulation : aked her the more ernetly how and by what chance, and for what caue as hée thought hée was o altered. Ah (quod my dame) as I aid before, I cannot tel what I hould think, whether excue my daughter and accue God: or els blame her and acquite||
of an olde
ful life h-
ning an =
It is as
to ee a
weep as to
ee a goos
|him. For this my daughter béeing as I ayd fortunately maried, and o belooued of her huband : and loouing again to him (as now wée bothe to late doo, and euer I think hall rue) was looued excéedingly of another yung man, who made great ute and laboure vnto her. But hée as I think all wom hould, etéeming her honetie and promie made vnto her hubd the day of their mariage : refued til his deire, but becaue he was importunate : he came at the lat and tolde me it And I thinking that I had doon wel : charged her in any cae, which ful oft ince I haue repented, that he hould not cont vnto him, but to hake him of we hrewd woords and thretning anwers. She did o, alas alas the while, and the yung m éeing none other boot : went home & fel ick, and loouing o honetly and ecretly, that he would make none other of his counel, forpined and languihed vp his bed the pace of thrée daies, receuing neither meat nor drink, and then perceuing his death to aproche : he wrote a letter which I haue in my pure, and t it by his boy to my daughter, if you can réed you hall ée it, I cnot but my daughter heer could very wel, and write to. Héer-|
with my dame wept apace, and took the letter and gaue it this yung woman who red it in forme folowing.
The nameles loouer to the nameles belooued / in whoe looue th he may not liue he deireth licence to dye.
which is alo an ofice of fréendhip before the Gods meritorious. Cum viit him who if ought might quench looue, hould not looue, whoe mouth thee thrée dayes hath taken no foode, whoe eyes the like time haue taken no ret, whoe hart thes thrée wéekes was neuer mery, whoe minde thee thrée monethes was neuer quiet, whoe bed thee euen nights was neuer made: and who ( to be bréef ) is in all parteso inféebled: that liuing he dieth, and dead a while he liueth.
And wh this ily ghote hall leaue this cruel and mierable prion, in recompence of his looue, life and death : let thoe white and tender hands of yours, cloe vp thoe open windowes, through which the vncomfortable light of your beauty hone firt into his hart. If you refue this to doo : I beéech the Gods immortall, to whom immediatly I goe, that as without any kinde of e ither loue or kindenes, you haue caued me to dye : o that none other caught with your beauty, doo likewie perih, I beech (I ay) the iut Gods, that either they chaunge that honet tony hart or els difigure that faire merciles fauour. Thus for want of force either to indite or write any more,
I take my leaue , deiring you either to ce and ée me dye, or if I be dead before to ée me honetly buried.
Yours vnregarded aliue. G.S.
hart is eai
craft of a
to be for-
are a fraid
It is an vn
at wil hurt
|all other, for as all extrities are vices : o it is a vice as apéereth plainly by the punihment of my daughter to be to extream in honety, chatety or any other kinde of vertue. This with the talke of my dame in the diner time o ank it to the yung womans minde : that the ame after noon he ent for the gentleman whom he had ert o contantly refued, and promied him ye if he would apoint her any vnupected place : he would be glad to méet him to fulfil all his lut, which he appointed to be the next day at my dames houe, where when they wer all aembled : I minding to acquite my dame for giuing me mutard: caught a quick moue, wherof my dame alwaies was excéedingly a fraid, and came with it vnder her clothes, and there let it goe, which immediatly crope vp vpon her leg But Lord how he betired her th, how he cried out, & how pale hée looked, and I to amd the matter making as though I leaped at the moue: all to becrat her thies and her belly, o that I dare ay he was not whole aga in two monethes after, and when the yung wom to whom hée hewed her ponced thies, aid I was an vnnaturall daughter to deale o with|
|my mother nay ( quoth he) I cannot bl her, for it was through my counel that he uffered this orow, and yet I dare ay he did it againt her wil, thinking to haue caught the moue, which els I dare ay would haue crept into my bellie. By this meanes was this innoct woman other wie inuincible: brought to cit whordome. Shortly after this yung woman begged me of my de, and to her I wt and dwelled with her all that yéer. In which yéer, as all ye cats in the parih can tel, I neuer diobeyed or trangreed our holy law refuing the concupicientiall company of any Cat nor the act of generati although ometimes, it were more painful to me then pleant, if it were offered in due and conuenient time. In déed I confee I refued Cachrat: & bit him and crat him, which our law forbiddeth. For on a time this yéer wh I was great with kitling: which he of a proud tomack refued to help to get: although I ernetly wooed him therto what time beloued o much his own daughter Slickkin ye all other éemed vile in his ight, which alo etéemed him as much as hée did the ret, that is neuer a whit. In this time (I ay) when I was great with kit||
ey keep be
tter th we
hal be di=
a wel as a-
It is the
it elf that
a hot herb
|ling, I found him in a gutter eating of a Bat, which he had caught that euening and as you knowe, not only we but alo women in our cae doo oft long for many things: o I then longed for a péece of ye Kermoue, and deired him for aug of my kitten : to giue me a morel, although it were but of the letherlike wing. But he like an vnnaturall rauenous churle: eat it all vp, and would giue me none. And as men doo now a days to their wiues, he gaue me bitter woords, aing, we longed for wantonnes & not for any néed This gréeued me o ore , chéefly for the lack of that I longed for : that I was ick two dayes after, and had it not béen for good dame Iegrim, who brought me a péece of a moue, and made me beléeue it was of a back : I had lot my burden, by kitning tenne dayes before my time. When I was recouered & went abrode again about thrée dayes : this cruel churl met me, & néeds would be dooing with me to wh wh I had made anwere according to his deert & tolde him withall which he might ée to by my belly what cace I was in. Tuh there was no remedy, I think he had eaten auery, but for all ye I could ay : he would haue his wil,|
|I éeing that and that he would rauih me perforce I cryed out for help as lowd as euer I could quaile, & to defd my elf til uccour came : I crat and bit as hard as euer I could & this notwithtdg had not Iegrim, & her onne Lightfoot ce ye ooner (who bothe are héer & can witnes he would haue marred me quite. Now whether I might in this cae refue him & doo as I did we out breach of our holy lawe which forbiddeth vs females to refue any males not excéedg the number of x. in a night : iudge you my Lordζ to whom the interpretation of ye lawes belongeth Yes urely (q Griard) for in the iij. yéere of the raigue of Glacaion, at a Court holden in Catwood, as apéereth in the recordes they decréed vpon that exception forbidding any male in this cae, to force any female and that vp great penalties But to let this pas, wherof we were atified in your purgation the firt night : tel vs how you behaued you we your new mitres, and that as bréefly as you can for loe where Corleonis is almot plain wet, wherby you knowe the Goblns houre opprocheth. After I was come to my yung mitres, quoth Mouleyer, he made much of me thinking I had been||
A law for
of the cats
a clock at
ns go abr-
that is at
uers m de
light in di
ful are al=
|mine olde dames daughter, and many tales he tolde therof to her goips. My Maiter alo made much of me becaue I would take meat in my foot : & therwith put it to my mouth & eed. In this houe dwelt an vngracious felowe, who delighting much in vnhappy turnes : on a time took iiij. walnut hels, and filled them ful of oft Pitch , and put them vpon my féet, aud th put my féet into cold water til the pich was hardned, and then he let me goe. But Lord how trang it was to me to goe in hoos, & how they vexed me For when I ran vp any téep thing they made me lide & fall down. Wherfore all that after noon, for anger that I could not get of my hoos : I hid me in a corner of the garret which was boorded, vnder which my maiter and Mitres lay. And at night when they were al in bed : I pyed a Moue plaing in the flower, & when I ran at her to catch her : my hooes made uch a noie vpon the boords : that it waked my Maiter who was a man very fearful of prites. And when he with his eruaunts harkned wel to the noie, which went pit pat, pit pat, as it had béen the trampling of an hore : they waxed all afraid & aid uerly it was ye deuil. And as|
|one of th an hardy fellowe, eu he ye had hooed me, came vp taires to ée what it was : I went downward to méet him and made uch a ratling, that when hée aw my glitring eyes : he fel down backward, & brake his head crying out ye deuil the deuil, ye deuil, which his maiter and all the ret hearing ran naked as they were into the tréet, & cryed the ame cry wherupon the neighboures aroe & called vp emong other an olde Préet, who lamented much the lack of holy water, which they were forbidd to make, how beit, he went to church & took out of the Font ome of the Chritning water and took his Chalice and a wafer vncecrat and put on a Surples and his tole about his neck, & fet out of his chamber a péece of holy Candle which he had kept two yéere and héerwith he came to the houe and with his Candle light in the one hand and a holy water prckel in the other hand, and his Chalice & wafer in ight in his boome and a pot of Ft water at his girdle : vp he came praing toward the garret, and all the people after him. And when I aw this, and thinking I hould haue éen ome mas that night as many nights before in other places I|
A meet pil
low for a
A lyer d
a dooer of
|had : I ran towards them thkg to méet them. But when the Préet heard mée come, and by a gliming had éen mée: downe he fel vpon th that were behinde him we with his chalice hurt one, with his water pot an other and his holy candle fel into an other Préets bréech beneath, who (while the ret were hawoning me) was ciuring our mayd at the taire foot and all to beinged him, for he was o afraid with ye noye of the ret which fel : that he had not the power to put it out. When I aw all this buines : down I ran among th where they lay on heaps but uch a fear as they were all in th : I think was neuer éen afore. For the olde préet which was o tumbled among th that his face lay vpon a boyes bare are, which belike was fallen hedlong vnder him was o atonihed: then when the boy (which for feare behit him elf) had al to rayed his face, he neither felt nor melt it nor remooued from him. Then went I to my dame which lay among ye ret God knoweth very madly, & o mewed and curled about her, that at lat he aid I wéen it be my Cat. That hearing the knaue that had hooed me, and caling to minde that ert he had forgot : aid it|
was o indéed and nothing els. That hearg the préet, in whoe holy bréech the hooly candel all this while lay burning: he took hart a grace, and before he was pyed roe vp and took the candle in his hand and looked vpon me and al the ret of the company, and fel a laughing at the hanome lying of his felowes face. The ret hearing him : came euery man to him elf and aroe & looked vp me and cured ye knaue which had hood me, who would in no cae be a known of it. This doon they got hot water & diolued the pitch, & plucked of my hooes and then euery man after they deired ech other not to be acknowen of this nights woork for hame departed to their lodgings, aud all our houhold went to bed again.
Wh all ye Cats and I to for company, had laughed at this apace : Mouleyer procéeded and aid.
After this about iij. quarters of a yéer, which was at whitontide lat, I played another prank and that was this. The Gentleman who (by mine olde dames lying and my wéeping) was accepted & retaind of my mitres, came often home to our houe, & alwaies in my Miaters abence was dooing with my Dame.
hed in cats
wife and a
ly o lo=
|Wherfore deirous ye my maiter might knowe it, for they pt his goods o lauihly betwéen them, that not withtanding his great trade of Merchandie : they had vnwéeting to him almot vndoon him alredy. I ought how I might bewray th which as hap would (at the time remembred) afore : came to pas thus, while this Gentleman was dooing with my dame my Maiter came in o odainly, that he had no leiure to pluck vp his hoe, but with them about his legs ran into a corner behinde the painted cloth, and there tood I warrant you as til as a moue. As oon as my maiter came in, his wife according to her olde wunt : caught him about the neck and kied him and deuied many means to haue got him foorth aga but he béeing wery at down & called for his diner, and when he aw there was none other remedy: he brought it him which was a mes of potage and a péece of Béef, wheras he & her frani had broke their fat with Caps, hot Uen mary bones and all other kinde of dainties. I éeing this, and minding to hew my Maiter how he was ordered got behind the cloth and to make the man peak I all to pawed him with my clawes vpon|
his bare legs and buttocks, & for all this he tood til and neuer mooued. But my Maiter heard me & thinking I was catching a moue : bad my dame go help me who knowing what beat was there: came to the cloth, & called me away aing come pus, come pus, & cat me meat in to the flower. But I minding another thing, & éeing that cratching could not mooue him: udainly I lept vp & caught him by the genitalls with my téeth, and bote o hard, that wh he had retrained more then I thought any man could: at lat he cryed out & caught me by the neck and thinking to haue trangled me. My Maiter not melling but hearing uch a Rat as was not wunt to be about uche walles: came to the cloth and lift it vp and there he found this bare art Gentleman trangling me, who had his tones in my mouth. & wh I aw my maiter I let goe my hold, and the Gentleman his and away I ran immediatly to the place where I now dwel, and neuer came there ince o that how they agréed amg them I cannot tel, nor neuer durt go ée, for feare of my life.
Thus haue I tolde you my good Lords all things that haue béen doon and hapned
al kind of
rih the in nocents
|through me wherin you perceiue my loyaltie and obedience to all good lawes and how hamlely and falely I am accued for a trangreor, and I pray you as you haue perceiued : o certefie my leige great Cmoloch (whoe life both Hagat & Heg preerue (of my behauior when Griard, Iegrim and Poylnoer the cmiioners had herd this declarati, and requet of Mouleyer: they praied her much. And after that they had commaunded her with all the Cats there to be on Saint Katherins day next inuing at Catnes, wheras the ay Camoloch would holde his court they departed & I glad to haue herd that I herd, and ory that I had not vndertand what was aid the other two nights before : got me to my bed & lept agood. And the next morning when I went out into the garden : I heard a traunge Cat ak of our Cat what Mouleyer had doon before the cmiioners thoe thrée nights To whom our cat anwered, that he had purged her elf of a crime that was laid to her charge by Cachrat, & declared her whole life for vj. yéeres pace wherfore in ye firt two yéers as we aid: (aid he) he had v. Maiters, a préet, a Baker, a Lawyer,|
|a Broker and a Butcher, all whoe priuy deceits which hée had éen: hée declared the firt night, In the next two yéers he had euen maiters, a Bihop, a Knight, a Pothecarie, a Goldemith, an Uurer, an Alchimit, and a Lord, whoe cruelty tudy, craft, cunning, niggihnes, folly, wate and oppreion: he declared the econd night, wherin this dooing was notable. Becaue the knight hauing a faire Lady to his wife, gaue his minde o much to his book that he eldome lay with her. This Cat pitying her Mitres, and minding to fray him from lying alone, on a night when her Maiter lay from her got to his mouth, and drue o his breth, that he almot tifled him. A like parte hée played with the Uerer, who béeing rich & yet liuing mierably & faing him poore he got oue day while his treure Chet tood open, and hid her therein, wherof hée not knowing : lockt her in it. And wh at night he came thither again and heard one tirring there, & thinking it had béen the Deuil : he called the Préet and many other perones to come and help him to coniure, and when (in their ight) he opned his chet : out lept he, and they awe what riches he had, and ceaed him ther||
to ly vvith
nor to a=
to dvvel a
All in this
no thg in
of that the
on of a di
after. As for what was doon and aid yeternight, bothe of my Lord Griards hard aduenture, & of Mouleyers betoweing her other two lat yéeres, which is nothing in comparion of any of ye other two yéeres before: I néed not tel you, for you were preent and heard it your elf.
This talke loe I heard betwéen thee two cats, and th I got me in, and brake my fat with bread and butter, & dined at noon with common meat, which o repleted my head again, and my other powers in the firt digetion, that by night time : they were as groce as euer they were before. For wh I harkned at night to other two cats which as I perceiued by their ietures, pake of ye ame matter I vndertood neuer a woord. Lo héer haue I tolde you al, chéefly you my Lord a wderfull matter, and yet as vncredible as it is wunderful, notwithtandg when I may haue conuenient time: I wil tel you other things which thee eyes of mine haue éen, and thee eares of mine haue heard, and that of miteries o far pag this: that all which I haue aid now hall in commparion therof, be nothing at all to be beléeued. In ye me while I wil pray you to help to get me ome money to c-
uay me on my iourney to Cathenes, for I haue béen going thither thee fiue yéeres, and neuer was able to performe my iourney. When Maiter Ferries had
hut vp his hop windowes ,
which the foraid talke
kept op two houres
longer th they
And that we may take profit by this declarati of Maiter Streamer : let vs o liue bothe openly and priuely that nether our own cat, admited to all ecrets : be able to declare ought of vs to ye world aue ye what is lawdable and honet. Nor the Deuils cat which wil we or nil we : éeeth and writeth all our il dooings , haue ought to lay againt vs afore the face of God, who not onely with hame but we euerlatg torment, wil punih all inne and wickednes. And euer when yu goet about any thg: call to mind this prouerb Bevvare the Cat, not to tye vp thy Cat til thou haue doon : but to ee ye nether thine owne nor the deuils cat (which cannot be tied vp) finde any thing therin wherof to accue thée to thy hame.|
Thus dooing thou cant not doo amis but halt haue uch good reporte through thy Cats declaration: that thou halt in
bour who giueth thee this war=
ning, ing vnto God this
Himne of his ma=
[ p.84 ]
And kindely speech, to fih, to fleh to fowles.
And pirit to men in oule and body clene:
To mark and knowe what other creatures mean
Which hat giuen grace to Gregory no Pope:
Which hat (I ay) giuen grace to him to knowe:
To whom the hunter of birds, of mie and rats:
To him graunt Lord with helthy welth and ret:
London at the long Shop ad
ioyning vnto Saint Mil=
dreds Church in the Pul
trie by Edward
London at the long Shop ad=